Learn how to diagnose what’s wrong with your furnace
At this time of year, we especially appreciate how furnaces keep us warm and protected from cold New York City winds. With today’s modern furnaces — which use variable-speed fans and heating elements to provide excellent, quiet comfort with maximum efficiency — it can be easy to forget about this reliable workhorse when it’s functioning properly.
But when something goes wrong, your furnace has an important way of telling you through its built-in error code system. And if you have an older model, it’s especially important to understand furnace error codes.
Why furnace error codes exist
Furnace error codes are helpful diagnostic tools that are built right into most modern heating systems. They’re usually a set of numbers (or a combination of letters and numbers) that are tied to a description of the furnace’s condition.
Those error codes are more than just numbers; they’re early warning signs that enable you to catch an issue right away so that you can avoid expensive repairs. If something is malfunctioning, you’ll want to be able to quickly and easily identify what the error code is trying to tell you so that you can take care of it before it becomes a serious problem.
Most importantly, the error codes are an essential shortcut for your service technician. By sharing the code, you can help your technician understand what problem or malfunction is happening so that they can fix things faster.
Typical furnace error codes
Your furnace owner’s manual should include an explanation of what each code means. Across multiple furnace brands and models, a few codes are common, such as:
Error Code 101 — This is usually something involving the furnace ignition system. It could mean there is a problem with your pilot light, ignition control or gas supply. This one is especially urgent to address right away because it can involve potential safety hazards. Even if no immediate safety threats exist, you’ll still be experiencing inefficient heating and want to take care of it as soon as possible.
Error Code 202 — This code generally indicates a problem with furnace airflow. It could be triggered by blocked ducts, clogged filters or a problem with the blower motor. Making sure your furnace is operating with proper airflow is essential to avoid overheating and ensure maximum efficiency.
Error Code 303 — This error code typically refers to a temperature limit control problem. Whether that involves a malfunctioning thermostat or an overheating issue, you’ll want to take action right away to avoid system damage or safety concerns.
Brand-specific furnace error codes
While some furnace brands use similar error codes, you need to check with the manufacturer to see which error codes it uses for your specific model. If you’ve misplaced your owner’s manual, you should be able to contact the manufacturer directly or check their website to identify what the error code means. Or you can save time and just contact us directly for assistance from our expert technicians.
What to do when you see a furnace error code
If your furnace is showing an error code, here’s what you should do:
Check your owner’s manual to see what the error code means.
Read and follow the troubleshooting instructions.
Make sure your furnace is turned off and the power is disconnected before trying to repair anything.
Look for loose connections, damaged wires or any signs of wear and tear that might be affecting furnace operations.
If you see an error code indicating blocked airflow, you can clean the furnace filter, air vents and blower motor.
Reset your furnace by turning it off, waiting a few minutes and then turning it back on.
Contact us for help if the error code persists or if you’re not comfortable attempting repairs yourself.
Frequent furnace maintenance is key
Regular maintenance and repairs are important for extending your furnace’s lifespan. The most cost-effective way to schedule those is through the periodic tune-ups we offer through our service plans for customers located throughout Staten Island, Brooklyn, the Bronx, Manhattan, and parts of New Jersey.
When you need a new furnace
If your furnace is older and should be replaced, our experts can determine which model would best fit your needs. A new, high-efficiency furnace can offer energy savings, make you more comfortable and help the environment. Contact us today to learn more about our service plans and new furnace installation!